Southeastern Anatolia Project and The Changes in the Economic, Social and Spatial Structure of Southeastern Anatolia Region

Necibe Aydan Sat, Sevinç Bahar Yenigül

Abstract


The Southeastern Anatolia Region is one of the less developed regions in Turkey. In order to eliminate this uneven development in the country, in 1977, it was decided to bring projects envisaged for Lower Euphrates and Tigris basins together under the generic "Southeastern Anatolia Project"(GAP) and to accelerate the implementation of the project, the GAP Regional Development Administration was established upon the Government Law Decree (GLD) no. 388 published in the Official Gazette no. 20334, dated 6 November 1989. GAP is a major and comprehensive initiative, also giving a brand to Turkey in international arena, that aims at improving the income level and life quality of people living in the region, reducing regional disparities and contributing to country’s economic and social development by mobilizing and utilizing the resources of the region.

The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes in the economic, social and spatial structure of Southeastern Anatolia Region by taken into account the goals of the GAP. For this aim, after giving a brief explanation on regional uneven development concept and policies for the elimination of this unevenness, some characteristics of GAP region and projects for GAP region will be clarified. The third section will be focused on the changes in economic, social and spatial structure of the GAP by time.  By using TurkStat data sources (GDP, productivity, unemployment, education, gini, demographic structure, urbanization, migration, infrastructure, and etc.)  descriptive analyses will be realized to reach the aim of the study. The last and the fourth section concludes by giving general evaluation of the study and some clues for further studies.


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