Migration Governance, Subsidiarity and Proportionality Principle in Frame of European Union Law

Armando Aliu, Yücel Ogurlu, Ömer Özkan, Dorian Aliu, İlyas Öztürk

Abstract


Recently, the European Union has been tackling with the issue of competence amongst its institutions, bodies and agencies in migration, refugee and asylum matters. The aim of this study is to clarify in details the competence in the EU, the Europeanisation of migration governance, subsidiarity and proportionality principles in frame of EU law. The objective of this study is to illustrate how the distribution of competence determined within the framework of EU law and the transfer of competence and/or shared competence – if necessary – to EU institutions, bodies and agencies that are supposed to be authorised through horizontal and vertical relations. Likewise, the investigation highlights that competence has a significant effect on migration governance. In this context, the principle of conferral, implied powers and open-ended powers theories, exclusive competence and shared competence were examined in terms of EU law.

Competence is directly related to the subsidiarity and proportionality principles that are the basic principles of EU law. Furthermore, the solidarity and collaboration of the EU with international institutions (e.g. organisations under the roof of the United Nations – United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, International Organisation for Migration, and so on) may ansure the EU to be a stronger and more effective actor in multiple levels.

The interactions of the EU with public sector, private sector, civil society organisations’ actors and representatives, non-governmental organisations, universities and research institutions, and associations constitute the information and communication network in migration governance. Hence, it is a vital point for EU to coordinate the information and communication network and acquire a functional structure in migration governance. Similarly, it is quite crucial that these actors, institutions and agencies are structured and trained in accordance with the EU norms, standards, principles and values.

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