Trade Liberalisation in the Middle East & North Africa: Promoting Peace and Stability

Tarik Oumazzane

Abstract


The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is currently experiencing unprecedented national, regional and transnational challenges. The emergence and intensification of civil wars and conflict within states and between state and non-state actors, the rise in regional and Western military intervention, the increase in public discontent and extremism, and the mass displacement of refugees have become increasingly salient features of the political and economic landscape of the region. Nevertheless, simultaneous processes of regional integration have been attempted since the Second World War. One of the latest regional integration processes is the free trade Agadir Agreement, signed in 2004 by Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt and Jordan. This paper investigates the Agadir Agreement’s impact on economic integration and growth, its effect on political cooperation, and its role in promoting peace and stability in the MENA. This paper argues that, though there is a positive correlation between signing the Agadir Agreement and the increase in trade volume, it is short-sighted to conclude that the Agadir Agreement has had a major impact on the economic integration and political cooperation between Agadir member states or within the MENA as a whole.


References


Oumazzane,T.(2016). Trade Liberalisation in the Middle East & North Africa: Promoting Peace and Stability. In I. El-Anis,& N. Underhill Regional Integration and National Disintegration in the Post-Arab Spring Middle East. Cambridge Scholars.

Oumazzane, T. (2015), Algeria-Morocco: Have We Missed the Bridge? Peace Magazine. Toronto, pp.24,25.


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