Andalusian Linguist Ibnu’d-Dâî And His Contiributions To Arabic Language

Abdullah Hacıbekiroğlu

Abstract


In the seventh hijri century important linguists trained. Ibnu'd-Dai (d. 680/1282) is also one of these linguists. Ibnu'd-Dai has learned from his famous scholars who have been raised according to the scientific tradition of his time. He has also worked with Islamic sciences such as kalâm and usûl al- fiqh, but he has mastered the Arabic grammar (nahiw). He raised many students and left behind many immortal works. His students benefited from his views and delivered them to others.

The question of istishhad with hadiths in determining grammatical rules in the Arabic language has not been seen as a problem until Ibnu'd-Dai. Ibnu'd-Dai is the first scholars to oppose hadith in the field of usûl al-nahiw in Andalusia. Because the hadiths are not reported as they were from the mouth of the Prophet he and his student Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi argued that it cannot be accepted as evidence.

Ignoring some issues such as qiyas and illah has been a remarkable development in Andalusia nahiw. The call of annihilation of illah and qiyas in the nahiw led by Ibn Hazm and Ibn Mada al-Kurtubi was countered by scholars living in this century. Ibnu'd-Dai and his student Abu Hayyan al- Andalûsî accepted the invitation of these linguists. Another development is that Scholars in this century wrote commentaries and comments for old linguist’s works especially al-Kitab of Sibeveyh to facilitate grammar. In this context, Ibnu'd-Dai commented al-Kitab of Sibeveyh and ez-Zajcaci's al-Jumel.

This research is an attempt to illuminate Ibnu'd-Dai's life, the environment he is in, his famous teachers and the nahiw students who learn the divine knowledge, embrace his methods, and act with his views. This issue has been the subject of research due to the lack of studies on Ibnu'd-Dai and its place in Arabic language sciences. Because the studies about such an important nahiw scholar are not enough in our country. His short biography, his works and his Thoughts about language have been tried to investigate. In the final analysis, attempts have been made to reveal the determinations and contributions of the Arabic language.

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